Cause / EffectCause/effect is any argument that uses the term “because” in it. If you argue “I got… 1 answer below »

Cause / EffectCause/effect is any argument that uses the term “because” in it. If you argue “I got a bad gradebecause…,” then you are emphasizing thecauses. If you argue “Because I got a bad grade, thesethings happened…,” then you are emphasizing theeffects. Most cause/effect essays will reflectone side or the other of the equation, not both.In “Anti-Intellectualism: Why We Hate the Smart Kids,” Grant Penrod discusses some of thethings that contribute to a disregard for academic achievements. He is attempting to explain whatfactors cause a large number of people to be prejudiced against another group of people (seepage 3 for a definition of the word “prejudice”).For your essay, you will identify a group of people who seem to be regarded with prejudice byanother group, and you will explain EITHER the causes OR the effects of this attitude. You mustintroduce the group (i.e., intellectuals/the smart kids) and provide reasons for the prejudice theyexperience OR the results of a prejudicial attitude.Things to avoidResearch: Again, no research is permitted for this essay. Don’t Google, Wikipedia, etc. Rely onyour own knowledge. If you realize that you don’t know enough about your topic to writewithout research, choose another topic!Sweeping generalizations: For example, if you’re discussing effects, don’t include results likesadness, depression, suicide, etc. Why not? First, because it’s obvious. If someone knows thatsomeone else doesn’t like them, that person is probably going to be at least slightly unhappyabout it. There’s not a whole lot more you can say, is there? Second, particularly when it comesto suicide, you won’t be doing research, so you won’t have statistics to support a claim that thepresence of a prejudice results in suicide.Over-simplification: There is rarely just one cause or one effect. Don’t blame prejudice on onesingle event or one single person. There might be one important moment that seems to embodythe entire situation, but there are always other factors involved, so keep thinking.First-person narrative: This is not an invitation to share the time you were a victim of prejudiceor realized that you hold a prejudice against a group. If you are writing about a group that youare a part of, be sure to keep your discussion impersonal and make sure your discussion appliesto all members of that group, not just you.Prejudice: Try to keep your discussion balanced and neutral. When we’re tackling a difficultsubject like prejudice, it’s sometimes tempting to hold a bias against the group who is prejudicedagainst the group we’re allied with. But that isn’t going to solve anything, and it will probablymake your paper less powerful.PurposeYou are writing this essay to explain WHY something happened, or WHAT has happenedbecause of the original situation. You are not proving that the situation exists nor arguing that itshould change. You are simply explaining some of the causes or some of the effects to help yourreaders better understand the situation

 

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